is Mariology? Essentially, it’s the theology that
affords devotion to Mary. Does this mean the Catholics
worship Mary? Well, yes and no. Publicly, the
Roman Catholic Church does not afford Mary the same status as
Jesus. However, their reverence for her goes beyond
their admiration for even the saints. The
Catholic Encyclopedia details a view of Mary that it admits is not Biblical. Their
view of her life and her role originate in Catholic tradition
– that is, the writings of the popes and theologians, rather
than in the Bible.
was betrothed to Joseph. Because of her faith, she was
chosen to give birth to the Messiah, Jesus Christ. She was
overshadowed by the Holy Spirit, and conceived Jesus. There
was no physical union, and therefore Jesus was born of a
virgin. While no doubt a faithful and godly woman, Mary was
nonetheless just a woman. In fact, apart from Acts 1:14,
Mary is not mentioned anywhere outside the Gospels (the books
of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John). Even in the Gospels, her
spiritual power and authority are almost non-existent.
Neither Jesus, nor Paul, nor any other biblical writer ever
gave Mary the place or devotion that the Catholic Church has
given her. The New Testament epistles (letters) were written
for the spiritual guidance of the Church, and have a great
deal to say about doctrine and worship. Her absence from the
epistles must then call into doubt the role that Catholics
ascribe to her.
Catholicism, Mary (or as she’s also called: Our Blessed Lady,
Our Blessed Virgin, etc.) is more than human. Catholic
Tradition includes the following teachings:
1 – Mary’s
immaculate conception: This doctrine teaches that she
was born without original sin, and was therefore sinless
throughout her life.
2 – During her
tutelage in the temple as a child, Mary received almost
nightly visits by angels.
3 – Mary’s
perpetual virginity: This doctrine asserts that she had
no children before Jesus (a Biblical teaching) or after Him
4 – Mary’s
physical ascension into heaven: This teaches that
because of her sinlessness, Mary never experienced a physical
death – the result of sin. Instead, she was raised bodily
into the presence of Christ.
5 – Mary’s role
as Co-redemptrix and Mediatrix of all graces: This
doctrine holds that the obedience and sufferings of Mary were
essential to secure the full redemption bought by Christ.
6 – Mary’s
right to veneration and/or worship: This teaching holds
that because of her unparalleled role in salvation, Mary is
worthy of special adoration.
There are three
specific terms of worship in Catholicism: latria – adoration
that is due God alone, dulia – veneration afforded to the
saints, and hyperdulia – special veneration given to Mary.
In practice, these become practically indistinguishable. As
a matter of point, Catholics pray to Mary and expect that she
hears and answers all such prayers. This elevates her to a
position of deity.
I have already
mentioned that the role that is ascribed to Mary by Catholics
is unbiblical. Let me give you more evidence of that.
Below, I have included an excerpt from the
where the writer acknowledges that their interpretation of a
passage in the book of Genesis must be more accurate than the
original Hebrew text, as their interpretation ascribes more
power to Mary:
first prophecy referring to Mary is found in the very
opening chapters of the Book of Genesis (3:15): "I will put
enmities between thee and the woman, and thy seed and her
seed; she shall crush thy head, and thou shalt lie in wait
for her heel." This rendering appears to differ in two
respects from the original Hebrew text:
(2) The second point of difference
between the Hebrew text and our version concerns the agent
who is to inflict the mortal wound on the servant: our
version agrees with the present Vulgate text in reading “she”
(ipsa) which refers to the woman, while the Hebrew
text reads hu’ (autos, ipse) which refers to
the seed of the woman.
According to our version, and the Vulgate reading, the woman
herself will win the victory; according to the Hebrew text,
she will be victorious through her seed.
In this sense does the Bull
“Ineffabilis” ascribe the victory to Our Blessed Lady.
The reading “she” (ipsa)
is neither an intentional corruption of the original text,
nor is it an accidental error; it is rather an explanatory
version expressing explicitly the fact of Our Lady’s part in
the victory over the serpent, which is contained implicitly
in the Hebrew original. The strength of the Christian
tradition as to Mary’s share in this victory may be inferred
from the retention of “she” in St. Jerome’s version in spite
of his acquaintance with the original text and with the
reading “he” (ipse) in the old Latin version. [Highlighting added by Contender
For the record,
the text of Genesis 3:15 mentioned above is found that way
only in the Catholic version of the Bible. Other versions
agree with the original Hebrew text in that the seed of the
woman (Jesus) will do the crushing. The Catholic Church has
changed scripture to fit with their doctrines. This tactic
is the only way the Catholic Church can justify many of its
teachings that are unbiblical.
In his book,
Revelation Unveiled, author Tim LaHaye says this"
"One of the
dangerous trends during the twentieth century in the
Church of Rome is the elevation of Mary to a status just
short of deity. News media reports indicate that
millions have petitioned the Pope to declare her a member
of the Trinity, though the official line is that it is
not going to happen - yet. Already she is referred to as
'the mother of God' or 'the queen of Heaven' and in some
instances appears to be the dispenser of salvation, which
contradicts many Scriptures...To even suggest that
anyone, even Mary the human mother of Jesus, participates
in dispensing the gift of eternal life is not only
heresy, it is blasphemous."
As for the Catholic view of Mary as
Mediatrix, let me refer you to:
1 Timothy 2:5, "For there is one God
and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus"
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