Jihad in the Quran
The Qur'an is
considered by Muslims to be the most important authority in
all of Islam. The Qur'an clearly teaches and
encourages Holy War, or Jihad.
"Truly Allah loves those who fight in His Cause in battle
array, as if they were a solid cemented structure,"
2:190-193 "Fight in the cause of Allah those who
fight you but do not transgress limits...And slay them
wherever ye catch them. And turn them out from where
they have turned you out; for persecution is worse than
slaughter; But fight them not at the sacred Mosque unless
they first fight you there; But if they fight you, slay
them. Such is the reward of those who reject faith.
But if they cease, Allah is oft-forgiving, Most Merciful.
And fight them on until there is no more persecution.
And the religion becomes Allah's. But if they cease,
Let there be no hostility except to those who practice
"O ye who believe! What is the matter with
you, that, when ye are asked to go forth in the cause of
Allah, ye cling heavily to the earth? Do ye prefer the
life of this world to the Hereafter? But little is the
comfort of this life, as compared with the Hereafter.
Unless ye go forth, He will punish you with a grievous
penalty, and put others in your place; but Him ye would not
harm in the least. For Allah hath power over all
things. Unless ye go forth, He will punish you with a
grievous penalty, and put others in your place; but Him ye
would not harm in the least. For Allah hath power over
"Their state is like that of the people of Pharaoh, and
of those before them who treated their Lord's signs as lies.
We therefore destroy them in their sins, and We drowned the
people of Pharaoh; for they were all doers of wrong.
The worst beasts truly in the sight of God are the thankless
who will not believe; They with whom thou hast leagued, and
who are ever breaking their league, and who fear not God!
If thou take them in war, then, by the example of their
fate, scatter those who shall follow them - that they may be
warned: Or if thou fear treachery from any people, throw
back their treaty to them as thou fairly mayest, for God
loveth not the treacherous. And think not that the
infidels shall escape Us! The shall not weaken
God....O Prophet! stir up the faithful to the fight.
Twenty of you who stand firm shall vanquish two hundred: and
if there be an hundred of you they shall vanquish a thousand
of the infidels, for they are a people devoid of
understanding....No prophet hath been enabled to take
captives until he had made great slaughter in the earth.
Ye desire the passing fruitions of this world, but God
desireth the next life for you. And God is mighty and
"And when the sacred months are passed, kill those who
join other gods with God wherever ye shall find them; and
seize them, besiege them, and lay wait for them with every
kind of ambush: but if they shall convert, and observe
prayer, and pay the obligatory alms, then let them go their
way, for God is gracious, merciful.
"But if, after alliance made, they break their oaths and
revile your religion, then do battle with the ring-leaders
of infidelity - for no oaths are binding with them - that
they may desist. What! will ye not fight against
those Meccans who have broken their oaths and aimed to expel
your Apostle, and attacked you first? Will ye dread
them? God is more worthy of your fear, if ye are
believers! So make war on them: By your hands
will God chastise them, and will put them to shame, and will
give you victory over them, and will heal the bosoms of a
people who believe;"
"Make war upon such of those to whom the Scriptures have
been given as believe not in God, or in the Last Day, and
who forbid not that which God and His Apostle have
forbidden, and who profess not the profession of the truth,
until they pay tribute out of hand, and they be humbled.
The Jews say, "Ezra is a son of God"; and the Christians
say, "The Messiah is a son of God." Such the sayings
in their mouths! They resemble the saying of the
infidels of old! God do battle with them! How
are they misguided? They take their teachers, and
their monks, and the Messiah, son of Mary, for lords besides
God, though bidden to worship one God only. There is
no God but He! Far from His glory be what they
associate with Him! Fain would they put out God's
light with their mouths: but God only desireth to perfect
His light, albeit the infidels abhor it. He it is who
hath sent His Apostle with the guidance and a religion of
the truth, that He may make it victorious over every other
religion, albeit they who assign partners to God be averse
Also see Sura 61 and Sura 4
Jihad in the Hadith
Hadith are the recorded sayings and deeds of the Prophet
Muhammad. It is second in authority only to the Qur'an
and is often used to clarify things not specified in the
Qur'an. The following is what Muhammad had to say
about Jihad as recorded in the Hadith.
The second best deed is to participate in Jihad (Volume
1, Book 2, Number 25, Narrated Abu Huraira) - Allah's
Apostle was asked, "What is the best deed?" He
replied, "To believe in Allah and His Apostle (Muhammad).
The questioner then asked, "What is the next in goodness?
He replied, "To participate in Jihad (religious fighting)
in Allah's Cause." The questioner again asked, "What
is the next (in goodness)?" He replied, "To perform
Hajj (Pilgrimage to Mecca) 'Mubrur, (which is accepted by
Allah and is performed with the intention of seeking
Allah's pleasure only and not to show off and without
committing a sin and in accordance with the traditions of
Muhammad said if someone leaves Islam, to kill them
(Volume 4, Book 52, Number 260, Narrated Ikrima) - All
burnt some people and this news reached IBn 'Abbas, who
said, "Had I been in his place I would not have burnt
them, as the Prophet said, 'Don't punish anybody with
Allah's Punishment.' No doubt, I would have
killed them, for the Prophet said, "If somebody (a Muslim)
discards his religion, kill him."
Volume 1, Book 2, Number 35, Narrated Abu Huraira
"The Prophet said, The person who participates in holy
battles in Allah's cause and nothing compels him to do so
except belief in Allah and his Apostles, will be
recompensed by Allah either with a reward, or booty (if he
survives) or will be admitted to Paradise (if he is killed
in the battle as a martyr). Had I not found it
difficult for my followers, then I would not remain behind
any saiya going for Jihad and I would have loved to be
martyred in Allah's cause and then made alive, and then
martyred and then made alive, and then again martyred in
Volume 3, Book 46, Number 726 "Allah's
Apostle said, A pious slave gets a double reward.
Abu Huraira added: By Him in Whose Hands my soul is
but for Jihad (holy battles), Hajj, and my duty to serve
my mother, I would have loved to die as a slave."
Volume 9, Book 93, Number 555 "Allah's
Apostle said, Allah guarantees (the person who carries out
Jihad in His Cause and nothing compelled him to go out but
Jihad in His Cause and the belief in His Word) that He
will either admit him into Paradise or return him with
reward or booty he has earned to his residence from where
he went out."
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