Adhan - The call to prayer.
- Another name for Muhammad.
The Arabic word for "god." It is often used as a name
for God in Islam.
- The place of the first
significant battle between and the pagans of the Quraish.
It is located in Saudi Arabia.
- A Muslim ruler.
- The proliferation of Islamic
teachings through word and deed.
- Obedience to the revelation of Allah's Qur'an
(Koran). It involves total submission.
- Legal verdict given based on the
Qur'an (Koran) and the Sunnah which are the recorded
sayings and deeds of Muhammad.
Fiqh - Religious law.
- The sayings and deeds of the
prophet Muhammad recorded by his followers. Considered
authoritative and perfect. A saying is called a Sunnah.
- The Black Stone set into the
corner of the Ka'aba in Mecca. Tradition states it fell
Hajj - The pilgrimage to
Mecca which takes place in the last month of the Islamic
calendar. One of the five pillars of Islam.
- The sixth level of hell which is
the place for Christians.
- Muhammad's immigration to Medina. It begins the
- Moving from a land where a Muslim
cannot practice his faith to a land where he can.
Ibadah - All the words and deeds with which Allah is
pleased. These deeds could be prayer and charity.
Iblis - Satan, a fallen
- The political head of an Islamic
Injil - The inspired sayings of Jesus. The message
Islam - Submission, the
religion of all the prophets of Allah culminating in
Jannah - The heavenly garden, Paradise. The place
of the faithful in the afterlife.
Jihad - Striving. Fighting
against one's own sinful self. Also, a physical fight
for the truth of Islam, not allowing anyone to steal the
ability to worship. It also can mean "holy war."
- Supernatural, invisible beings
race of beings, below angels. They were made from fire
and are capable of looking like humans or animals. Some
may dwell in rocks, trees, etc, and may possess black
dogs, and black cats. There are good and bad Jinn and
all will be judged on Judgment Day.
Ka'aba - A
cube shaped building in Mecca containing a stone laid
there by Abraham and Ishmael. All Muslims face this
cube when praying.
Also spelled Qur'an. The holy
book of Islam given to Muhammad by Allah through the
Archangel Gabriel. Koran literally means "the
recital." It is the final revelation of Allah given to
the prophet Muhammad. It has 114 surahs, or chapters.
Kufr - Disbelief
Khutbah - A sermon given in a Mosque, usually on
Maksiat - Sinful act
- A center for Muslim activity. It
is like a local mosque.
Mecca - The Holy City of
Islam. It is the birthplace of Muhammad.
Medina - The city, then called Yathrib, that
Muhammad fled to after announcing Islam.
Mosque - A Muslim house of
Muhajir - Immigrant, one
who leaves his home town to join a Muslim community.
- the final messenger/prophet of
God whose message abrogated all previous revelations.
He received the Koran through the angel Gabriel over a
23 year period.
Muhammad ibn Abd Allah -
the full name of Muhammad.
Muslim - Someone who holds to
the religion of Islam.
Nas - The multitude of
people who are not dedicated to Allah and sway to and
fro to various teachings.
- A word used in the Koran to
designate those who are Christians.
- A shortened designation for
"Peace be upon him" which is placed in writing or said
after the word "Muhammad" is used.
- Another word for heaven. A
garden (79:41) of bliss and fruit (69:21-24), has rivers
(3:198), with maidens pure and holy (4:57), and carpets
and cushions, (88:8-16). It is the hope of all Muslims.
Qadar - Preordainment is the teaching that all
things, good and bad, are preordained to occur.
Qatl - Murder
- The direction which Muslims turn
for daily prayers, towards Mecca.
- An ancient Arab tribe to which
Muhammad once belonged.
Rakat (rak'ah) - One complete
cycle of sacred words and gestures during the ritual
Ramadhan - The ninth
month of the Islamic calendar which is the month of the
Salat - Prayers
Sawm - Fasting
Shi'ites - A sect of Islam that teaches that leaders
should be political rulers.
Shirk - Associating another god
with Allah. Associating anything with Allah that is not
true and revealed in the Koran.
Sirq - Theft
Sufi - A sect of Islam. It is very
mystical and teaches strong self denial with the hope of
union with God.
Sunnah - The life, practices,
and sayings of Muhammad recorded as examples of perfect
conduct in society, religion, action, etc. They contain
- One of the sects of Islam
Surah - A chapter of the
Taghut - Everything that is worshipped or followed
other than Allah.
Taiyib - Pure, clean,
- Proper fear and veneration of
Allah. A divine spark that enables the person to
Tauhid - Monotheism in Islam is the teaching that
there is only one God who alone is worthy of worship.
Tauhid-ar-Rububiyah - Declaring that God is one, the
sovereign who performs all his will.
Tauhid-al-Uluhiyah - Declaring that God is the only
one worthy of worship.
Ummah - A religious community,
usually referring to an Islamic one.
Umrah - A Minor form of
pilgrimage to Mecca.
Wa Alaikum Assalam -
The Arabic way of saying "peace be
Zaboor - The Psalms
Zakat - The third pillar of Islam. Alms giving,
charity that is given to the poor.
- Fornication and adultery.
Terms taken from the
Christian Apologetics and Research Ministry
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