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A Beginning of Global Governance - #1 in a series
Prophetic Signs that we are in the End Times
The Earth Charter's Spiritual Agenda - #2 in a Series
The New Age Influence at the United Nations - #3 in a Series
Jesus is the Messiah Prophesied in the Old Testament
Like a Thief in the Night - The Rapture of the Church
The Coming War of Gog and Magog, an Islamic Invasion?
Muslim, Jewish, and Christian Prophecy Comparison
The Millennial Kingdom
There will be False Christs
Is the E.U. the Revived Roman Empire?
Should We Study End-Time Prophecy?
Apostasy and the Laodicean Dilemma
Christian Tracts
What We Believe
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Chronology of the Middle East Conflict

1976 B.C. Jewish immigration to Canaan begins under Patriarch Abraham.
1926 B.C. Abraham offers Isaac on Mount Moriah in Jerusalem (future site of the Temple Mount).
1406 B.C. Jews under Joshua begin military conquest of Canaan.
996 B.C. King David captures Jerusalem from Jebusites and makes it the capital of Israel (2 Samuel 5:6-10).
996 B.C. - 636 A.D. Jerusalem as the capital of Israel.  Despite being conquered and ruled by various peoples (Assyrians, Babylonians, Persians, Greeks, Egyptians, and Romans), the Jewish people remained the dominant population in the Land (especially in the four "holy cities" of Judaism: Jerusalem, Hebron, Tiberias, and Safed) with various interim periods of independence.
70 A.D. Roman destruction of Jewish Second Temple. 
135 A.D. Roman emperor Hadrian changes name of country to Palestine and Jerusalem to Aelia Capitolina.
614 A.D.  Persian King Chosroes II favors Jews and offers opportunity to rebuild the Temple.
637 A.D. Arab Muslim invasion and conquest of Palestine (Muslim Caliph entered Jerusalem in 638).
1099 A.D. Arab and Non-Arab Muslims rule in Palestine.
1500 A.D. Period of Jewish expulsions from Spain, Portugal, France, Germany, Italy, England, Austria, Hungary, Lithuania, Silesia, and the Crimea.
1290 A.D. Periods of Crusader rule in Palestine.
1516 A.D. Muslim rule returns under Egyptian Mameluks, who allow Jews to live within walls of Jerusalem and visit the Western Wall.
1517 A.D. Ottoman Turkish Muslim rule under Suleiman, who writes a firman recognizing right of Jews to the Western Wall and designates it as the Jews' place of worship.
1845 - 1933 A.D. Period of European Anti-Semitism.
1862 Publication of Rome and Jerusalem by Moses Hess.
1869 First Jewish quarter of Nahlat Shiva built outside walls of Jerusalem's Old City.
1881 Assassination of Tsar Alexander II followed by persecution of Russian Jews.
1882 - 1903 Publication and distribution of The Protocols of Zion (anti-Semitic propaganda).
1904 Beginning of second Aliyah.
1905 Seventh Zionist Congress rejects alternative to Palestine as aim of Zionism.
1908-1909 Arab opposition to Zionist settlements intensifies.
1914-18 First World War (Arabs and Jews aid British to overthrow Turkish control of Palestine).
1915-16 Sykes-Picot Agreement.
The Sykes-Picot agreement is a secret understanding concluded in May 1916, during World War I, between Great Britain and France, with the assent of Russia, for the dismemberment of the Ottoman Empire.

The agreement led to the division of Turkish-held Syria, Iraq, Lebanon, and Palestine into various French and British-administered areas. The agreement took its name from its negotiators, Sir Mark Sykes of Britain and Georges Picot of France.


1917 Before the end of the war, at a time when British hopes were buoyed by their invasion of the Middle East under General Edmund Allenby, the British cabinet issued the famous Balfour Declaration advocating a Jewish national home in Palestine.  Arab Revolt: Lawrence of Arabia takes Aqaba and British General Allenby enters Jerusalem.
1919 Chaim Weizmann leads Zionist delegation at Paris Peace Conference.
1919-1923 Third Aliyah
1920-1921 Arab anti-Jewish riots in Jerusalem over holy places.
1924 - 1932 Fourth Aliyah
1929 Arab riots in Jerusalem, and massacre of Jews in Hebron and Safed.
1930 Passfield White Paper seeks British disengagement from Jewish national home, aspects of Balfour Declaration and Palestine Mandate.
1931 Irgun (Jewish Resistance) established.
1933 - 1945 Jews search for safety as anti-Semitism, pogroms, and persecutions force the Jewish population from Europe.
1935 Fifth Aliyah.
1937 Peel Commission recommends partition of Palestine into separate Arab (Palestinian) and Jewish States.
1937-1938 Arab-Jewish conflict over British allowance of Jewish immigration.
1938 Whit Paper repudiates partition and restricts Jewish immigration.
1941 Muslim Mufti in Jerusalem Haj Amin al-Husseini relocated to Berlin, meets with German Chancellor Adolf Hitler and offers to assist in his campaign to exterminate world Jewry by creating a fascist Arab state.
1941-1945 Holocaust occurs with orchestrated German extermination of Jews in Europe.
1945 President Truman supports Jewish refugee immigration to Palestine.
1946 British block Jewish refugee immigration and Jewish sabotage operations begin throughout Palestine.  Truman endorses partition of Palestine and creation of a Jewish state.
1947 British Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin declares intention to refer the Palestine Mandate back to the United Nations.
1948 General Assembly votes for partition of Palestine into a Palestinian and a Jewish state.  Ben-Gurion declares the State of Israel.  Arab states declare war on the new State of Israel.  Termination of the British Mandate.  Mass Arab exodus from Palestine begins in wake of Arab forces and Arab-Israeli war.
1948-1949 Arab-Israel war fought.
1949 Israel concludes armistice agreements with Jordan, Egypt, Lebanon, and Syria.  Jordan controls the eastern section of Jerusalem and violates the armistice by denying Jews access to the Western Wall.  Ben-Gurion declares Jerusalem the capital of Israel.  Resolution 194 issued in which the U.N. set up a United Nations Conciliation Commission, reiterated the decision on internationalization of Jerusalem, and laid down several principles on the refugee question.


1949-1967 Jerusalem divided city.  Arab refugees in refugee camps and Jordan.
1950 Beginning of immigration to Israel of Jews from Arab countries.  King Abdullah of Jordan formally annexes the West Bank.  Jewish Law of Return gives the right to all Jews to settle in Israel.  King Abdullah assassinated by Palestinian in Jerusalem at Al-Aqsa Mosque.  Israeli Nahal settlements established in areas exposed to continued Arab attacks. 
1951-1956 Fedayeen (Palestinian terrorist group) raids and attacks Israel.
1955 Egyptian blockade of Gulf of Aqaba and sealing off of Israeli port of Eilat (considered act of war by Israel).
1956 Sinai Campaign (Israel at war with Egypt; captures Sinai)
1957 Israel withdrawal from Sinai due to U.S. pressure.  Palestinian Liberation Party (Fatah) founded.
1964 Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) founded.
1967 Fedayeen activity against Israel increased.  Syrians bombard Jewish settlements around the Sea of Galilee (Kinneret).  Egyptian President Nasser sends troops into Sinai and closes Strait of Tiran to Israeli shipping.  On May 25 Syrian, Iraqi, Jordanian, and Sudi Arabian troops move to Israel's borders.  Six Day War is fought between Israel and Arab nations from June 5-10.  Israel captures the Golan Heights, West Bank (including East Jerusalem), the Gaza Strip, and Sinai; Temple Mount in Israeli hands.  In August, Moshe Dayan returns jurisdiction of the Temple Mount to the Islamic Waqf.  Summit at Khartoum.  U.N. Security Council Resolution 242 issued which proclaimed the inadmissibility of the acquisition of territory by war and the need to work for a just and lasting peace in which every State in the area can live in security.
1968-1970 Egypt commences war of attrition against Israel.
1970-1973 Soviet Union supplies arms to Egypt, Syria, and Iraq for next attack on Israel.
1970 Black September attack by Jordanian army to remove PLO guerrillas from Jordan who were trying to take control of the government.
1971 PLO guerrillas leave Jordan for Syria and south Lebanon.
1972 Black September organization under Yasser Arafat seizes Israeli athletes at Munich Oympics.
1973 In an effort to force Israel to unilaterally surrender captured lands the Yom Kippur War (October 6-24) was started, in which Egypt and Syria launch full-scale war against Israel.  On 6 October 1973 Egyptian and Syrian forces launched a surprise attack on Israel.

On 14 October the US Air Force began Operation Nickel Grass, a major airlift to Israel. Ending on 14 November, the airlift transported 22,395 tons of supplies.

Following a cease-fire, the war officially ended on October 22, 1973 but fighting continued on the Egyptian-Israeli front and the U.S. and the Soviet Union were nearly dragged into a full-scale superpower confrontation.

On October 22, 1973, the UN Security Council passed Resolution 338, calling on all parties to begin "implementation of Security Council Resolution 242 in all its parts" through negotiations.

Kissinger succeeded in limited agreements on the withdrawal of Israeli and Arab forces from specific areas. Israel withdrew from all the area it had acquired from Syria during the 1973 war in addition to some area gained in 1967. The Egyptian-Israeli agreement called for Israeli withdrawal from parts of the Sinai. Prisoners of war were exchanged. The Arab world ended its oil embargo.

In the years following the 1973 war, Israel's enemies realized that they could not defeat Israel on the battlefield. They turned therefore to diplomatic warfare and sought to weaken Israel's international diplomatic position. Due to pressure from the Arab world, most African and third world countries broke diplomatic relations with Israel.

1974 Summit meeting of Arab leaders in Rabat declares the PLO the only legitimate representative of the Palestinian people.  U.N. General Assembly accepts PLO as representatives of Arab Palestinians.
1976-1984 Civil war breaks out in Lebanon.  Palestinian guerillas fight alongside Lebanese leftists and Muslims against Maronite Christians.
1976 U.N. resolution condemning "Zionism as racism" is approved by 17 Arab states, 13 Communist states, 22 African states, and 20 other states.
1977 Egyptian President Anwar Sadat goes to Jerusalem and speaks at Israeli Knesset as part of peace plan.
1978 Israel invades south Lebanon and attacks Palestinian guerrilla bases. 

Camp David Accords signed by Egypt, Israel, and United States.

After twelve days of secret negotiations at Camp David, the Israeli-Egyptian negotiations were concluded by the signing at the White House of two agreements. The first dealt with the future of the Sinai and peace between Israel and Egypt, to be concluded within three months. The second was a framework agreement establishing a format for the conduct of negotiations for the establishment of an autonomy regime in the West Bank and Gaza. The Israel-Egypt agreement clearly defined the future relations between the two countries, all aspects of withdrawal from the Sinai, military arrangements in the peninsula such as demilitarization and limitations, as well as the supervision mechanism. The framework agreement regarding the future of Judea, Samaria and Gaza was less clear and was later interpreted differently by Israel, Egypt, and the US. President Carter witnessed the Camp David Accords which were signed by Egyptian President Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Begin.

1979 Egypt and Israel sign peace treaty.
1980 Israel returns Sinai to Egypt and Egyptian Embassy opens in Tel Aviv.  East Jerusalem is officially annexed to western part of city as Israel's capital.
1981 Katyusha war between the PLO and Israel in Lebanon.  Sadat assassinated by Egyptian militants.
1982 Israel invades Lebanon again in an all-out offensive against the PLO.  Israeli forces reach outskirts of Beirut.  PLO leaves Lebanon and establishes headquarters in Tunis.  Mass murders of Palestinians at the Sabra and Chatila refugee camps in Lebanon by Christian Phalangists (September 16-17)
1985 Israeli Air Force attack on PLO headquarter in Tunis.  Palestinian Liberation Front hijacks Achile Lauro in the Mediterranean and kills Jews abroad.
1987 Palestinian Intifada begins in the Israeli-occupied Gaza Strip and the West Bank.
1988 Jordanian disengagement from the West Bank to allow for it becoming Palestinian state.  Palestinian National Council declares an independent Palestinian state.  The Temple Mount and Land of Israel Faithful Movement, directed by Gershon Salomon, attempt to lay a cornerstone for the Third Temple on the Temple Mount but are turned away by Israeli police.
1989-1991 Mass immigration of Soviet Jews to Israel.  Iraq invades Kuwait.  Temple Mount Faithful attempts a second laying of their cornerstone for the Third Temple.  Rioting occurs on the Temple Mount, leaving 19 Palestinians dead.  The Middle-East Peace Conference convenes in Madrid, Spain on October 31.
1993 On January 20, Yitzhak Rabin and Yasser Arafat meet secretly in Oslo, Norway in talks that lead in August to the Oslo Accords.
1994 On September 13 the Israeli Labour Party, under Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, signs Declaration of Principles on PLO interim self-government.
1995 Israel begins withdrawal from Gaza Strip and Jericho in accordance with first phase of the Declaration of Principles.  Jewish settler Baruch Goldstein murders Palestinian Muslims worshipping at Hebron Mosque.  Cairo Agreement between Israel and PLO.  On October 26, peace treaty signed between Israel and Jordan.  Yitzhak Rabin, Shimon Peres, and Yasser Arafat are jointly awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.  On November 2 Rabin is assassinated by a nationalist religious Jew at a peace rally in Tel Aviv.
1996 Benjamin Netanyahu becomes prime minister, promising to keep Jerusalem "united forever".  Israel withdraws from Hebron in further compliance with the Declaration of Principles.  Jerusalem celebrates its 3,000th anniversary as the capital of Israel; Arabs boycott the celebration and claim that Israel is trying to "create a history" in the Palestinian city.  On September 25 Israel opens exit for Western Wall Tunnel in Jerusalem and Palestinians riot, resulting in 58 deaths.
1998 Wye River agreement between Netanyahu and Arafat.
1999 Ehud Barak wins Israeli election with expectations of preserving Israel's security in negotiations.  King Hussein of Jordan dies and is succeeded by his eldest son Abdullah II, who pledges to continue his father's policies and preserve the peace treaty with Israel.  In December the Palestinian Mufti moves his offices to the Temple Mount.
2000 Israel withdraws from Lebanon.  The Camp David II Summit ends when Arafat abandons the talks even though offered significant concessions by Ehud Barak.  Death of President Hafez al-Asad of Syria.

Border skirmishes and shooting of an Israeli police officer by Palestinians renew Palestinian uprising.  Islamic Waqf begins construction on Marawami Mosque below Al-aqsa Mosque, Solomon's Stables, and at the Eastern Gate, destroying remains from the First and Second Temple periods.  On September 28, Ariel Sharon visited the Temple Mount with a delegation from the Israeli Knesset and police escort to inspect the degree of destruction caused by the Waqf's construction activity at the site.  A small riot followed Sharon's departure.  On September 29 Palestinians throw stones down upon Jews praying at the Western Wall and another riot ensues.  The Palestinian Authority cites "Israeli provocation" at the Al-Aqsa Mosque the previous day and declares the beginning of the Al-Aqsa Intifada, which intends to liberate Jerusalem and the Muslim holy places.

2001 February 6 - Ariel Sharon elected prime minister of Israel with expectations that he will take a firm hand with the Palesitnians.

July - Repeated terrorism and suicide bombings of Jewish civilians cause Israeli politicians to jointly declare an end of the Oslo Accords and being targeted assassinations of Palestinian leaders and the destruction of PLO bases of operation throughout the West Bank.

Israeli closure and seizure of Palestinian Authority administrative buildings, such as the Orient House in Jerusalem, initiate new policy of reentering Palestinian controlled areas in the West Bank.

August - Iraqi "Jerusalem Liberation Army" is formed, and 10,000 troops enter Jordan with infiltration into Palestinian areas of the West Bank.

Septermber 11 - Radical Islamic terrorists attack United States, destroying the twin towers of the World Trade Center, sections of the Pentagon, and crashing an airliner (meant for the White House) in Pennsylvania, killing all aboard.  Total loss of life reaches approximately 5,000.

September 12 - United States declares war on terrorism and the states that harbor terrorism, begins building coalition of Western allies (excluding Israel) and Islamic states.

October 1-6 - United State pressures Israel to renew peace negotiations with Palestinians; Ariel Sharon warns United States to not abandon Israel as the United Kingdom did Czechoslovakia in the 1930's; United States returns warning and announces its support for establishment of an independent Palestinian state.

October 7 - United States and united Kingdom forces launch first strike against terrorist targets in Kabul, Afghanistan, while crowds of Palestinians in Gaza and other Wet Bank towns publicly protest the United States and show support for terrorist Osama bin Laden.

2003 U.S. defeats Saddam Hussein and begins to rebuild Iraq.  The Bush administration submits Middle East Road Map which is accepted with reservations by the Israelis.  The road map calls for Israel to return to the pre 1967 borders that were indefensible then and will be now.  Palestinian state is to be created by 2005.