Categorized list of messianic
prophecies fulfilled by Jesus
Messianic prophecies of the Old Testament were fulfilled
through Jesus Christ our Savior and Many more will be
fulfilled when he reigns again in the Millennial Kingdom.
JESUS DECLARED THAT HE WAS
THE MESSIAH AS PROPHESIED IN THE OLD TESTAMENT
Synagogue prayers contain
the expression, "our Father [Avinu] who is in heaven,"
many times, and Jesus taught his disciples to pray this
way, however "My Father", almost certainly must have
seemed improper to the Jews of that Period.
Only once in Hebrew
Scripture is God referred to as "my Father," and that is
in Psalm 89, which speaks of the coming Messiah.
will call to me, 'Avi ata' - 'You are my Father.'
Second Samuel 7:14 also
contains a prophecy about the Messiah:
'I will be to him a
father, and he will be to me a son.'
will proclaim the decree of the Lord: He said to me, "You
are my Son; today I have become your Father".'
is the Hebraic way of expressing messiahship - it is the
way the Holy Spirit spoke and the way Jesus spoke.
Even as early as age 12
Jesus refers to God as "My Father"
"Why were you searching for me?", he
asked. "Didn't you know I had to be in my Father's
Jesus continues to use the
term throughout the Gospel accounts a total of forty
"Then will the eyes of the blind be opened and the ears of
the deaf unstopped. Then will the lame leap like a deer
and the mute tongue shout for joy."
Jesus declared that he was the
Messiah by the things that he did. When John asked the
Baptist asked "Are you the
coming one, or shall we look for someone else?"
in Matthew 11:3, Jesus responded
"Go and report to John the things
which you hear and see: the blind receive sight and the
lame walk, the lepers are cleansed and the deaf hear, and
the dead are raised up, and the poor have the gospel
preached to them".(Matthew
"Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion!
Shout in triumph, O daughter of Jerusalem!
Behold your King is coming to you;
is just and endowed with salvation,
Humble, mounted on a donkey,
Even on a colt, the foal of a donkey.
Jesus declared Himself to
be Messiah by His triumphal entry into Jerusalem.
Daniel prophesied that the
Messiah would come like the Son of Man.
Daniel 7:13, 14
kept looking in the night visions,
behold, with the clouds of heaven
like a Son of Man was coming,
he came up to the Ancient of Days
was presented before Him. And to Him was given dominion,
Glory and a kingdom,
all the peoples, nations, and men of every language
Might serve Him.
dominion is an everlasting dominion
Which will not pass away;
His kingdom is one
Which will not be destroyed.
When the High Priest asked Jesus
directly if he was the Christ, he responded,
"I am; and you shall see the Son of
Man sitting at the right hand of power, and coming with
the clouds of heaven." The
term Son of Man is the way that He referred to himself and
occurs 81 times in the Gospels.
PROPHECY OF THE OLD
TESTAMENT FULFULLED THROUGH JESUS CHRIST
Daniel indicates that the
Messiah had to come before the second Temple was destroyed
Daniel 9:25, 26
and understand this: From the issuing of the decree to
restore and rebuild Jerusalem until the Anointed One, the
ruler, comes. There will be seven 'sevens,' and sixty two
'sevens.' It will be rebuilt with streets and a trench,
but in times of trouble. After the sixty two 'sevens,'
the Anointed One will be cut off and will have nothing .
The people of the ruler who will come will destroy the
city and the sanctuary. The end will come like a flood:
War will continue until the end, and desolations have been
Micah 5:2 speaks of the
Messiah's birthplace as Bethlehem Ephrthah, the town
where Jesus was born.
you, Bethlehem Ephrathah though you are small among the
clans of Judah, out of you will come for me one who will
be ruler over Israel, whose origins are from of old, from
Isaiah 42:6 and 49:6 speak
of the Messiah as a light to the Gentiles.
the Lord, have called you in righteousness; I will take
hold of your hand. I will keep you and will make you to
be a covenant for the people and a light for the Gentiles"
Psalm 22 provides a
graphic description of one undergoing crucifixion (even
though crucifixion was unknown to the psalmist), and Jesus
quoted its opening verses as He hung on the cross.
God, my God, why have you forsaken me? Why are you so far
from saving me, so far from the words of my groaning? O
my god, I cry out by day, but you do not answer, by night,
and am not silent. Yet you are enthroned as the Holy One;
you are the praise of Israel. In you our fathers put
their trust; they trusted and you delivered them. They
cried to you and were saved; in you they trusted and were
But I am a worm and not a
man, scorned by men and despised by the people. All who
see me mock me; they hurl insults, shaking their heads:
"He trusts in the Lord; let the Lord rescue him. Let him
deliver him, since he delights in him."
Yet you brought me out of
the womb; you made me trust in you even at my mother's
breast. From birth I was cast upon you; from my mother's
womb you have been my God. Do not be far from me, for
trouble is near and there is no one to help.
Many bulls surround me;
strong bulls of Bashan encircle me.
Roaring lions tearing
their prey open their mouths wide against me.
I am poured out like
water, and all my bones are out of joint. My heart has
turned to was; it has melted away within me.
My strength is dried up
like a potsherd, and my tongue sticks to the roof of my
mouth; you lay me in the dust of death. Dogs have
surrounded me; a band of evil men has encircled me, they
have pierced my hands and my feet. I can count all my
bones; people stare and gloat over me. They divide my
garments among them and cast lots for my clothing.
But you, O lord, be not
far off; O my Strength, come quickly to help me. Deliver
my life from the sword, my precious life from the power of
the dogs. Rescue me from the mouth of the lions; save me
from the horns of the wild oxen.
I will declare your name
to my brothers; in the congregation I will praise you.
You ho fear the Lord, praise him! All you descendants of
Jacob, honor him! Revere him, all you descendants of
Israel! For he has not despised or disdained the
suffering of the afflicted one; he has not hidden his face
from him but has listened to his cry for help.
From you comes the theme
of my praise in the great assembly; before those who fear
you will I fulfill my vows. The poor will eat and be
satisfied; they who seek the Lord will praise him - may
your hearts live forever! All the ends of the earth will
remember and turn to the Lord, and all the families of the
nations will bow down before him, for dominion belongs to
the Lord and he rules over the nations.
All the rich of the earth
will feast and worship; all who go down to the dust will
kneel before him - those who cannot keep themselves
alive. Posterity will serve him; future generations will
be told about the Lord. They will proclaim his
righteousness to a people yet unborn - for he has done it.
Zechariah 12:9,10 even
mentions in one passage the two separate comings of the
it will come about in that day that I will be about to
destroy all the nations that come against Jerusalem
[second coming]. And I will pour out on the house of
David and on the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the Spirit of
grace and of supplication, so that they will look on Me
whom they have pierced [occurred at the first coming]; and
they will mourn for Him, like the bitter weeping over a
THE MESSIAH MUST SUFFER
FIRST AND THEN COME AGAIN
Isaiah 52:13 -
53:12 NIV, written ca 700 B.C.
my servant will act wisely ; he will be raised and lifted
up and highly exalted. Just as there were many who were
appalled at him - his appearance was so disfigured beyond
that of any man and his form marred beyond human likeness-
so will he sprinkle many nations, and kings will shut
their mouths because of him. For what they were not told,
they will see, and what they have not heard, they will
Who has believed our message and to whom has the arm of
the Lord been revealed? He grew up before him like a
tender shoot, and like a root out of dry ground. He had no
beauty or majesty to attract us to him, nothing in his
appearance that we should desire him. He was despised and
rejected by men, a man of sorrows, and familiar with
suffering. Like one from whom men hide their faces he was
despised, and we esteemed him not.
Surely he took up our infirmities and carried our sorrows,
yet we considered him stricken by God, smitten by him, and
afflicted. But he was pierced for our
transgressions, he was crushed for our iniquities; the
punishment that brought us peace was upon him, and by his
wounds we are healed. We all, like sheep, have gone
astray, each of us has turned to his own way; and the Lord
has laid on him
the iniquity of us all.
He was oppressed and afflicted, yet he did not open his
mouth; he was led like a lamb to the slaughter, and as a
sheep before her shearers is silent, so he did not open
his mouth. By oppression and judgment he was taken away.
And who can speak of his descendants? For he was cut off
from the land of the living; for the transgression of my
people he was stricken. He was assigned a grave with the
wicked, and with the rich in his death, though he had done
no violence, nor was any deceit in his mouth.
Yet it was the Lord 's will to crush him and cause him to
suffer, and though the Lord makes his life a guilt
offering, he will see his offspring and prolong his days,
and the will of the Lord will prosper in his hand.
After the suffering of his soul, he will see the light of
life and be satisfied ; by his knowledge my righteous
servant will justify many, and he will bear their
iniquities. Therefore I will give him a
portion among the great, and he will divide the spoils
with the strong, because he poured out his life unto
death, and was numbered with the transgressors. For
he bore the sin of many, and made intercession for the
so, having obtained help from God, I stand to this day
testifying both to small and great, stating nothing but
what the Prophets and Moses said was going to take place;
that the Christ was to suffer, and that by reason of His
resurrection from the dead He should be the first to
proclaim light both to the Jewish people and to the
|1. For more than
1700 years, the Jewish rabbis interpreted this passage almost
unanimously as referring to the Messiah. This fact is
thoroughly documented in S.R. Driver and Adolf Neubauer's
The Fifty-Third Chapter of Isaiah According to the Jewish
Interpreters. They quote numerous rabbis during
this period who equated the servant of Isaiah 53 with the
Messiah. Not until the twelfth century A.D., no doubt
under the suffering of the Jews at the hand of the Crusaders,
did any Jewish interpreter say that Isaiah 52:13 - 53:12
refers to the whole nation of Israel, the most common
interpretation today among Jewish scholars. Even after
Rashi first proposed this interpretation, however, many other
Jewish interpreters have held, even to the present, the
traditional Talmudic view that Isaiah 53 speaks of the
Messiah. One of the most respected Jewish intellectuals
of all history, Moses Maimonides rejected Rashi's
interpretation, and he taught that the passage was messianic.
Isaiah 52:14 further proves wrong
the view that the Servant is Israel when it compares
the Nation of Israel to the servant: "Just as many were
astonished at you, My people, so his appearance was marred
more than any man." In 53:8, the servant bears
punishment that should have been born by "my people"
(obviously Israel). It makes no sense for the nation of
Israel to bear substitutionary punishment for the nation of
Israel. Therefore Israel cannot be the servant of
Isaiah 52:13 - 53:12.
The key to identifying the servant
in Isaiah 52:13-53:12 is to see who he is in the three
previous "servant songs" of Isaiah 42:1-9; 49:1-12; and
50:4-9. These passages speak of the servant, for
example, establishing justice in the earth (Isaiah 42:4) and
regathering the Jewish people from worldwide exile (Isaiah
49:8-13). Even Isaiah 49:3 does not say that Israel is
the servant; rather it says that the servant (Messiah) is the
true Israel! Verse 5 and 6 go on to say "Now says the
Lord, who formed Me from the womb to be His servant...'to
raise up the tribes of Jacob (Israel), and to restore the
preserved ones of Israel.'" The point is that Jacob
(Israel) had gone astray, especially from the commission God
gave to him: "In you and in your descendants shall all the
families of the earth be blessed" (Genesis 28:14). The
Servant (Messiah) was now to stand in Israel's place to do
two things: (1)to bring the nation of Israel back to
God (Isaiah 49:5); and (2) to be a light to the nations.
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